There are many different types of careers in agriculture, from farming and ranching to food science and marketing. Here are 10 of the most popular careers in this field.
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Agricultural engineers work on farms and in other agricultural settings to solve problems related to power, equipment, structures, soil and water conservation, and environmental control. They may design and develop new types of machines, plan and supervise the construction of agricultural buildings and facilities, or advise farmers on ways to improve crop yields. Agricultural engineers may also be involved in research on topics such as the effects of pollution on crops or the development of new types of irrigation equipment.
Agricultural Equipment Operator
Agricultural equipment operators use and maintain a variety of machines on farms and other agricultural settings. Job responsibilities may include driving tractors, operating combines, planting seeds, and applying fertilizer. Many agricultural equipment operators have a high school diploma or equivalent. Some jobs may require postsecondary education or training in agricultural technology.
Agricultural Farm Manager
Farm managers are responsible for the overall operation of an agricultural farm. They must have a deep knowledge of all aspects of farming, including crop production, animal husbandry, soil science, and farm machinery. In addition to overseeing the day-to-day operations of the farm, farm managers also develop long-term plans for the farm’s growth and development.
Agricultural Extension Agent
Extension agents are employed by state governments to provide educational information and resources to farmers and other agricultural professionals. Extension agents typically have a deep knowledge of one or more specific areas of agriculture, such as crop production, livestock management, or soil science. They use this knowledge to develop educational materials and programs that help farmers improve their operations.
Agricultural Research Scientist
Agricultural research scientists work in laboratories and field settings to develop new methods and technologies that can be used in agriculture. They conduct research on topics such as plant genetics, animal nutrition, and soil science. Their ultimate goal is to improve the efficiency and productivity of agricultural operations.
Animal scientists conduct research on the genetic improvement of livestock animals. They use their findings to develop new methods for breeding animals that are healthier and more productive. Animal scientists also work with farmers to help them choose the best animals for their operations and provide guidance on animal husbandry practices.
Soil scientists study the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. They use their findings to develop new techniques for managing soils so that they are more productive. Soil scientists also work with farmers to help them choose the best crops for their soils and provide guidance on soil management practices.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) defines agricultural inspectors as ” professionals who perform food safety inspections and audits for the agricultural industry.” They work to ensure that farms, food processing facilities, and import/export establishments are following all regulations regarding food safety. Agricultural inspectors may also conduct research on new methods of crop production or disease control.
An agricultural merchandiser is someone who buys and sells agricultural products, such as livestock, feed, and seed. They may work for a company that produces agricultural products, or they may be self-employed.
Most agricultural merchandisers have a bachelor’s degree in agriculture or a related field. Some employers may prefer candidates who have a master’s degree in business administration or agriculture.
Agricultural salespeople sell products and services related to agriculture, such as farm equipment, seed, and fertilizer. They typically work for agricultural companies or dealerships and may travel frequently to meet with clients. excellent communication, interpersonal, and customer service skills are important in this role, as is knowledge of the agriculture industry.
Agricultural scientists research and develop ways to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products. They study the growth, storage, and distribution of agricultural products. They also work to find new ways to prevent the spread of plant and animal diseases.
Agricultural Soil Conservationist
Agricultural soil conservationists work with farmers and ranchers to develop and implement plans that prevent or reduce soil erosion by wind and water. They advise landowners on the use of terraces, crop rotation, and other methods of protecting the soil.
Agricultural teachers work in secondary schools and postsecondary institutions, teaching students about crops, livestock, soil, and water conservation. They often have a background in agriculture or a related field, such as animal science or horticulture. Some agricultural teachers also work in extension programs, helping farmers and other agricultural professionals improve their operations.
An extension agent is someone who helps farmers and ranchers solve problems and improve their operations. These professionals work with clients one-on-one, in groups, and through educational programs. They need to have a strong understanding of agriculture, as well as the ability to communicate clearly and effectively.
Farmers and ranchers rely on good information to make decisions about their businesses. Agricultural consultants help them by providing unbiased, research-based advice on topics such as crop production, livestock management, marketing, and financial planning.
Agriscience teachers work in middle schools and high schools, where they provide students with an introduction to the field of agriculture. They teach about topics such as animal science, plant science, soils, agricultural mechanics, and farm management.
Agricultural economists conduct research on issues that affect farmers and the agricultural industry as a whole. Their work might focus on topics such as food prices, farm policy, international trade, or environmental regulations.
Applied animal scientists conduct research on topics that impact the health and productivity of livestock animals. Their work might focus on animal nutrition, genetics, reproductive physiology, or management practices.
Applied plant scientists conduct research on topics that impact the health and productivity of crops. Their work might focus on plant breeding, genetics, crop physiology, or pest management.
7. Biochemists and biophysicists conduct research on the chemical and physical processes that occur in living things. Their work might focus on topics such as cell development or metabolism, enzymes or hormones.
8.(8) Food scientists conduct research on the processing, distribution, and consumption of food products.(8) Their work might focus on food safety(10), nutrition(11), or product development(12).(9)
9.(9) Soil scientists conduct research on the physical(13), chemical(14), and biological properties of soils.(15) Their work might focus:(16) to develop new or improved methods for managing soil resources(17), to understand how soils respond to changes in their environment(18), or to monitor soil contamination.(19)